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Conversion Charts

Updated July 23, 2010

Temperatures, Weights and Measures

Cookery books from different countries, even different periods in the same country use different units of measurements. They are a minefield of confusion. Change to metric system in recent times has made life easier, but many people are resistant to change. I read somewhere; "if God had meant humans to use the metric system, he'd have given us ten fingers!!"

I have attempted below to make some sense of this confusion, hope you will find what you are looking for. Generally speaking, rounding up a conversion to the nearest complete figure, e.g. 28.4 ml to 30 ml, is enough.

Oven Temperature

Always warm the oven for at least 10 minutes or until the indicator light goes out telling you that the desired temperature has been reached. Oven temperatures vary. Fan ovens should be kept around 10-15? C lower than ordinary ones.

Fahrenheit Centigrade Gas Oven Mark Description

 475F 246C 9 Very Hot

 450F 232C 8 Very Hot

425F 218C 7 Fairly Hot

400F 204C 6 Fairly Hot

 375F 191C 5 Moderately Hot

350F 177C 4 Warm

325F 163C 3 Warm

300F 149C 2 Cool

275F 135C 1 Cool

250F 121C Very Cool

225F 110C Very Cool

 

Metric and Imperial Weights

It is a good idea to have one large weighing scale that will measure up to 5 kg. A smaller scale, the type often used by people on a diet, is good for measuring very small quantities accurately.

For general use, approximate measures of conversions work quite well and are easier to calculate. Here are some common conversion required in everyday cooking;

5 ml. = 1 teaspoon

15 ml. = 1 tablespoon

15 ml. = 3 teaspoons

250 ml. = 1 cup or 8 fluid oz

125 ml. = 1/2 cup

65 ml. = 1/4 cup

125 gm. = 1/4 lb. (4 oz.)

250 gm. = 1/2 lb. (8 oz.)

500 gm. = 1 lb. (1 pound or 16 oz.)

750 gm. = 1 1/2 lbs.

1 kilogram = 2 lbs.

A pinch = 1 ml.

More accurate measures:

10 gm. 0.5 oz.

20 gm. 0.75 oz.

25 gm. 1 oz. 50 gm. 2 oz.

75 gm. 3 oz 110 gm. 4 oz.

150 gm. 5 oz.

175 gm. 6 oz.

200 gm. 7 oz.

225 gm. 8 oz.

250 gm. 9 oz.

275 gm. 9.5 oz.

300 gm.. 10.5 oz.

350 gm. 12 oz.

375 gm. 13 oz.

400 gm. 14 oz.

425 gm. 15 oz.

450 gm. 1 lb. (pound)

500 gm. 1 lb. 2 oz.

700 gm. 1 lb. 9 oz.

750 gm. 1 lb. 10 oz.

1 kg. 2 lb. 3 oz.

1.25 kg. 2 lb. 12 oz.

1.5 kg. 3 lb. 5 oz.

1.75 kg. 3 lb. 14 oz.

2 kg. 4 lb. 6 oz.

2.25 kg. 4 lb. 15 oz.

2.5 kg. 5 lb. 8 oz.

2.75 kg. 6 lb. 1 oz.

3 kg. 6 lb. 10 oz.

1 US stick of butter = 1/4 pounds = 113.5 gm.

 

Volumes/Liquid Measure

Spoons and cups are slightly different sizes, not only in different countries but even within the same country. Therefore, it is a good idea to buy a set of measuring spoons. They are available from all good kitchen stores and often come on a chain, so that they do not get separated.

Buy a measuring jug that has litres, millilitres, pints and fluid ounces marked. Generally, rounding up a conversion to the nearest complete figure, e.g. 28.4 ml as 30 ml, is enough.

128 fl.oz. 1.25 ml. (millilitres)

 1/4 teaspoon 2.5 ml.

1/2 teaspoon 5 ml.

1 level teaspoon 15 ml

1 tablespoon 1/2 fl. oz. (fluid ounce) 20 ml.

1 dessertspoon 30 ml. (28.4ml.) 1 fl. oz. (fluid ounce)

29.5 ml. US 50 ml. 2 fl. oz. 59 ml.

1/4 US Cup 74 ml.

1/4 UK Cup 118 ml. 4 fl. oz.

1/2 US Cup 150 ml. 0.5 (UK) pint

1/2 UK Cup 200 ml. 0.66 pint 240 ml 8 fl. oz.

1 US Cup 300 ml 10 fl. oz. 0.5 pint

1 UK Cup 425 ml 15 fl. oz. 075 pint 480 ml 16 fl. oz.

1 US pint 600 ml 20 fl. oz.

1 pint 700 ml 23 fl. oz.

1.25 pints 850 ml 28 fl. oz.

1.5 pints

1 Litre 33 fl. oz. 1.75 pints

1.2 Litre 1 quart 2 pints

2 Litre 3 pints 3800 ml

1 US gallon 4800 ml

1 UK gallon 8 pints or 160 fl.oz.

 

Old Indian Measures

These old Indian measures are from  old recipe book. Some very old recipes still mention them.

1 masha 8 ratti 1 gram

1 tola 12 masha

12 grams 1 chatak

5 tola 60 grams

1 pav 4 chatak 250 grams

1 ser 4 pav 1 kilogram

 

 

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